The Chimú built their capital, Chan Chan, near present day Trujillo, Peru. Chan Chan was one of the largest urban cities in prehistoric South America, with an estimated 30,000-40,000 inhabitants. Chan Chan contained a number of palatial complexes, separated by walls. These compounds were known as ciudadelas, or little cities, and included cemeteries, kitchen areas, work spaces, and sunken gardens.
Text Source: Stuart, George E. Ancient Pioneers: The First Americans. Washington, DC: National Geographic Society, 2001. National Geographic Virtual Library.
- Nigel Hicks/National Geographic Creative